Education Becomes Tanzania’s Access to Growth Portal

In this series of blogs, UNDP experts share their experiences and points of view on the work done with the Millennium Development Goals.

With a per capita income of only about US $ 310 in 2000, Tanzania’s progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was an extraordinary story: a very poor country that devoted much effort to so many areas. Tanzania will not achieve most of the objectives but the efforts made are worth noting.

One goal that stands out is MDG 2: achieving universal primary education by 2015. With the elimination of tuition costs and the introduction of the Primary Education Development Plan, which increased the number of classrooms and new teachers, Tanzania registered rapid improvements in the enrollment of primary tuition centre singapore. For 2010, the Net Rate of Enrollment (TNM) had reached 95.4%, compared with 54.2% in 1990.

In 2010, the country received the MDG Award for education. I must have been the most proud Tanzanian non-native since, as a focal point of the MDGs there, I applied for the award. After receiving it, the Prime Minister of Tanzania said, “This award is like pouring gasoline on an engine.” That was exactly our argument for the nomination.

Of course, not everyone agreed with the prize. Some locals and development partners questioned what Tanzania had done to receive the award.

Tanzania had not reached the goal. In fact, it may not even reach the goal by the end of this year. However, to be a developing country that is in one of the last positions on the scale of development, Tanzania’s efforts are remarkable. The award has encouraged the country to take the following steps to achieve 100% of the Net Enrollment Rate, increase pass rates and improve the quality of primary tuition centre singapore.

Although in recent years Tanzania has taken several measures to solve the above-mentioned problems, it must pay special attention to improving the quality of education. When the cost of tuition was eliminated, people automatically reacted positively. But with the passage of time, as they perceived that there is no substantial benefit if they send their children to school (in terms of getting better jobs), some began to give less importance to education. This was aggravated by the low quality of education received by children. If parents observe that their children still cannot read when they are in the corresponding grade, it can have negative effects on their perception of education.

Teachers are a key element in the quality of education. Low salaries seem to attract only those who cannot find other jobs. Teaching seems to be the last option for many, and most did not have good results in the final exams. In the classroom, students rarely have the full five hours of class required. Instead, they have an average of only two hours because most of the time the teachers are not in school.

The lack of an adequate learning environment is another problem: the classes are very numerous, there is a lack of classrooms, equipment and other infrastructures and basic services such as toilets, water and electricity not only affect the quality of education but also It can also discourage children from attending school.

Tanzania needs to look beyond traditional approaches to improve education. Family income plays a fundamental role in the education of children. Although Tanzania has enjoyed more than a decade of high growth, poverty remains so high that growth has not been inclusive. Little attention has been devoted to the role of the private sector in education, which could alleviate the tax burden.

It is time for Tanzania to start a new chapter with the Post-2015 development agenda to make education the gateway in its renewed national consolidation efforts.